Researcher

    Sylvain Chemtob , M.D. , Ph.D. , FRCPC

    sylvain.chemtob@umontreal.ca
    Sylvain Chemtob
    Research Axis
    Fetomaternal and Neonatal Pathologies
    Research Theme
    Fetal development and prematurity
    Address
    CHUSJ

    Phone
    514 345-4931 #2978

    Fax
    514 345-4801

    Title

    • Full Professor, Departments of Pediatrics, Ophtalmology and Pharmacology, University of Montreal
    • Canada Research Chair in Perinatology, Tier 1 (Vision Science)
    • Léopoldine A. Wolfe Chair in Translation Research in Vision Research, University of Montreal

    Education

    • Post-doctorate in Physiology, Iowa University, 1991
    • PhD in Pharmacology, McGill University, 1989
    • Specialization in Pediatrics and Neonatology, McGill University, 1985
    • MD, University of Montreal, 1980

    Research Interests

    As neonatologists, we often deal with the effects of premature births. Even though the survival rate of premature infants has increased over the last twenty years, morbidity, especially neurological morbidity, remains high. Our laboratory studies the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of neurodevelopmental disorders (including leukomalacia and periventricular hemorrhage) in addition to retinopathy of prematurity, the most important cause of childhood blindness. Considering the importance of microcirculation both in the genesis of these pathologies (secondary to its degeneration) and in tissue revascularization, emphasis is placed on the underlying mechanisms of these activities. Our efforts mainly focus on free radicals, pro-inflammatory factors and new angiogenesis mediators.

    Our team has discovered important roles for these factors.

    • We discovered the cytotoxic effects and the underlying mechanisms for new peroxidation products and identified their receptor for the first time.
    • We uncovered new receptors coupled with G proteins in the nuclear membrane with a specific genomic regulation function. This differs from their role on the plasma membrane and we have established that signaling mechanisms coupled with these receptors follow them in the nucleus.
    • We were able to find new mediators acting as master regulators of angiogenesis. This is one of the most significant findings in neovascularisation.
    • We described for the first time the role of the CD36 scavenger receptors in the genesis of the dry form of age-related macular degeneration.
    • We found new development platforms for allosteric modulators of complex structure receptors, such as tyrosine kinase receptors, leading to the development of innovative and powerful 4th generation anti-inflammatory molecules.
    • We illustrated the benefits of ibuprofen over indomethacin in ductus arteriosus closure for preterm newborns. Ibuprofen was approved by the European Medicines Agency (2004) and the Food and Drug Administration (2006) and is currently in regular clinical use.

    It is therefore clear that the concepts we have developed not only have consequences on newborn health but also on other pathologies such as adult cerebral ischemia, diabetes, atherosclerosis, and age-related macular degeneration. Moreover, our research has lead to practical clinical applications. We are currently working on additional innovative therapeutic modalities.

    Awards and Distinctions

    • Pediatric Chairs of Canada – Clinical Investigator Award of Excellence, 2013
    • Award of Excellence for Research Carreer in Pediatrics – Stars Foundation (Québec), 2012
    • Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology Silver Fellow, 2012
    • Fellow, Canadian Academy of Health Sciences, 2006
    • Aventis Pasteur Research Award (top Canadian pediatric health researcher), Canadian Pediatric Society, 2002
    • Canada Research Chair in Perinatology, Tier 2, 2001-2005; 2006-2010; Tier 1, 2011-2017
    • André Dupont Award for Research Excellence, Club de recherches cliniques du Québec, 2000
About this page
Edited by Hoffmann Maude

Created on 9/18/2014
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