Researcher

    Alexandre Dumont , M.D. , Ph.D.

    alexandre.dumont@ird.fr
    Alexandre Dumont
    Research Axis
    Fetomaternal and Neonatal Pathologies
    Research Theme
    High-risk pregnancies
    Address
    CHUSJ

    Phone
    514 345-4931 #5860

    Fax
    514 345-2195

    Title

    • Research Director, Institut de recherche pour le développement, Mother and Child Health, Senegal, 2008.
    • Associate Clinical Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Montreal, 2007.
    • Joint nomination to the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montreal, 2007.

    Education

    • PhD, Public Health and Biomedical Information Sciences, Université Paris VI, 2001-2004.
    • Specialization in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Paris, 1991-1997.
    • MD, Université Paris VI, 1984-1990.

    Research Interests

    Preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction

    My first studies related to preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), two major causes of maternal and perinatal mortality worldwide. The results of these studies have allowed a better definition of the preventive treatment methods for preeclampsia and IUGR with the use of aspirin.

    Epidemiology of obstetrical emergencies

    I quickly became interested in global health, more specifically maternal health in developing countries. I participated in a multicentric population study on severe maternal morbidity conducted in six West African countries. I developed and tested a new method of measuring the level of access to emergency obstetrics care, based on calculations of standardized rates of caesarean sections. The results of my research reinforced the notion that medical care factors played a crucial role in maternal mortality in Western Africa. I was able to estimate the caesarean section rate in a population of pregnant women. These results clearly indicated that the present needs were not being met.

    Evaluation of complex public health interventions

    I am interested in the strategies aimed at improving obstetrical care access and quality in developing and industrialized countries. The solutions differ according to context, but the problematic is the same since it concerns the application of clinical guidelines and knowledge transfer. I contributed in a meta-analysis of interventions aimed at reducing caesarean section rates in industrialized countries. The results demonstrated that multiple interventions based on audits with feedback were the most successful. I conducted a quasi-experimental study seeking to evaluate the impact of the implementation of morbidity/mortality meetings (or death audits) in a Senegal maternity ward. The results suggest that maternal death audits can reduce worldwide maternal lethality by 50% after three years.

    Awards and Distinctions

    • Research Scholar, FRSQ, 2006-2008.
    • Mentoring Program for Randomized Controlled Trials, CIHR, 2004-2006.
    • Doctoral Research Award, Fondation pour la recherche médicale, France, 2000-2001.
About this page
Edited by Hoffmann Maude

Created on 9/18/2014
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